Bone Loss In Jaw [Causes and Treatment]

3D illustration jaw bone

Bone loss in jaw is a dental problem that may require bone grafting procedure. There are many causes of jawbone loss and deterioration. It is very important to take good care of your teeth and jawbone. In this article, we will discuss causes of jawbone loss and some of the treatment options.

Tooth Extraction Bone Loss

When you remove one of the adult teeth and you do not replace, jaw bone loss is likely to occur. Adult teeth are most important teeth because they are involved in chewing and grinding food. It is very important to replace adult tooth after removing.

Those who replace have low chances of jaw bone loss. The rate at which jaw bone loss occurs may vary from person to person depending on how the extraction was done and the overall health of the jaw and teeth.

There are people who have naturally strong and healthy jawbones. However, most jaw bone loss occurs within 18 months and may continue throughout life. It is very important to replace the tooth few weeks after extraction.

Jaw Bone Loss Periodontal Disease

This is a very serious dental problem. This disease can cause jaw bone loss. It is important to note that periodontal disease are infections of the gum. These infections if not treated, they destroy the support of your teeth. If you discover that you have ongoing infections, it is important to visit your dentist.

Those that visit their dentist regularly have lower chances of periodontal disease and infections. These infections are known to attack periodontal tissues, periodontal ligament, alveolar bone, cementum/gingival and much more.

Periodontal issues are divided into two categories.

These include periodontitis and gingivitis. Dental plaque is the main cause of gingivitis. Plaque forms on your teeth and they can even form some minutes after brushing your teeth. Plaque is a home for bacteria that produces poison and toxins that irritates your gum.

At this point, your gum becomes inflamed, red, swollen and can easily bleed. If nothing is done, this irritation may worsen and your gum will separate from your teeth. This may cause the loss of teeth and subsequent loss of jaw bone or jaw bone deterioration.


Unanchored bridgework or dentures are usually placed on the top of gum line. This means they do not offer any direct stimulation to the underlying alveolar bones.

It is important to note the lack of stimulation may cause the bone to resorb and deteriorate. This is because the denture relies primarily on the bone to hold them into place. In this case, you may experience problems while eating and speaking.

If bone loss worsens or becomes severe dentures won’t be held in place. If you want to have healthy dentures, you will need to consult your dentist for proper oral health, denture care and refitting when necessary.

Most dentures are supported by the anchors. These anchors help stimulate and also preserve the bone. It is always important to visit your dentist regularly so that enough care of the teeth is taken. If it is necessary for bone graft procedure, the dentist will give you enough dental advice.


When a tooth is broken or knocked out such that no biting surface is left, the bone stimulation just stops. This obviously results on low jaw bone loss.

There are common forms of tooth and jaw trauma that includes, jaw fractures, teeth broken by accident or injury, family history of teeth with trauma and much more. All these may lead to bone loss. Your dentist will advise you on the possibility of bone grafting procedure.

If it is necessary for the procedure to be carried out, your dentist will advise you accordingly. It is crucial to note that bone grafting procedure reverses the effects of bone deterioration. It helps restore normal functioning and growth on bone.


Most people don’t know the effects and problems that misalignment can cause. Misalignment can cause a situation where some of the teeth no longer have opposing teeth structure. If there is an unopposed tooth, you should know that the tooth can easily over-erupt and this may cause deterioration of underlying bone.

You should also note that issues such as normal wear and tear, TMJ problems and lack of treatment can increase the chances of abnormal physical forces.

These forces may adversely affect your teeth since they interfere with teeth’s ability to grind and chew the food properly. After a period, if no care is taken, bone deterioration may occur and result in subsequent loss of jaw bone.


This is a type of bacterial infection that attacks the bone and the bone marrow of your jaw. It is important to note that these infections result in inflammation that causes reduction of blood flow to the bone.

This condition can be treated using antibiotics. The dentist may also remove the affected bone if necessary. If the bone is removed, a bone grafting procedure may be carried out so as to restore bone functioning and growth.


Benign facial tumors(1) can become large and require the dentist to remove a portion of your jaw. Malignant mouth tumors(2) are also disastrous and can spread into the jaw. This may require you to undergo removal procedure of a jaw section. The dentist will advise if you require reconstructive bone grafting.

Developmental Deformities

Developmental deformities such as birth defects may require the doctor to perform a bone graft procedure. This procedure restores bone functioning and growth. Birth defects may be characterized by missing of facial bones, portions of the teeth jaw or skull.

Sinuses Deficiencies

Sinuses deficiencies may also cause loss of jaw bone. When upper molars are removed/extracted, air cavity in maxillary sinus may cause resorption of the bone that kept the teeth in place. This results in enlarged sinuses. This condition is known as hyperneumatized sinus.


Your teeth require great care and you should visit your dentist regularly for checkups. Those that visit the doctor regularly have lower chances of developing complications that may result in jaw bone loss. Dental advice is very important if you want to have healthy teeth and to minimize the chances or risks of jaw bone loss.


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