Orthodontic treatment involves use of devices like a brace to straighten the teeth and ensure they are in the correct position. This treatment is necessary for people with crowded, abnormally arranged teeth.
Also those whose teeth does not meet correctly when they bite. Everyone is not the same, so people need different types of braces for teeth.
There are three main types of appliances used by orthodontics to correct the positioning of teeth: Fixed braces- These are non-removable braces used when there are a number of teeth to be corrected.
They are made up of brackets glued to each tooth and connected with wires. These braces are usually in form of metal.
However, nowadays orthodontists are offering ceramic braces or clear plastic braces though they are normally more expensive. Removable braces- These are normally made of plastic plates and are mostly used to correct minor problems such as mildly crooked teeth.
These braces should be removed from the mouth for cleaning or as a precaution when performing certain activities like playing a wind instrument or cycling.
Functional appliances- These are pair of removable plastic braces used to correct the positioning of the upper jaw and teeth and lower jaw and teeth. They are designed to interact together and fit the upper and lower teeth.
The braces can be removed for cleaning or when eating. The above Braces can further be categorized according to the structure and how they appear in the teeth.
What kind of Braces are there:
In this case there are various options to choose which include: Metal braces or Traditional braces- These braces are made of metal brackets and wires. The modern metal braces are smaller in size are less noticeable than the former ones which were large and easily noticeable.
Also the heat-activated archwire use the patient’s body heat to help the teeth to position quickly and less painfully. Metal braces are the least expensive. Additionally, the colored bands are attractive for kids. Metal braces have a disadvantage of being the most noticeable.
Ceramic braces have are similar in size and shape like metal braces. However, their brackets are tooth colored or clear. Some use tooth-colored wires which also make them less visible than metal braces. They also position the teeth faster than clear plastic aligners. However, ceramic braces are more expensive than metal braces and can stain easily if patients do not take good care of them.
These braces like the traditional metal braces but the brackets and wires are put on the inside of teeth. They are therefore not visible from outside. These braces are hard to clean, expensive and inappropriate for serious cases. They can also be quite uncomfortable initially and regular adjustment is difficult and takes more time than metal braces.
These are clear plastic aligners. The aligners which are custom made in a series of 18 to 30 are removed and replaced every two weeks. Invisalign(1) are almost invisible and patients can take any meal or drinks. However, these braces are not appropriate for severe dental problems. They are also not available for children and are quite expensive. Furthermore, treatment may take longer