Gingival Abscess [Causes & Treatment]

Gingival Abscess

Discover the Causes and Treatments for Gingival Abscess.

Although we have various periodontal or gum diseases, most of them do not have any pain and doesn’t require any urgent dental attention. However, gum abscess is a common exception.

This disease is associated with pain and discomforts. For this reason, the sufferer should visit a dentist immediately to make the appropriate diagnosis as well as providing the right diagnosis to relieve the irritation.

Some of the symptoms and signs associated with this disease include redness, swelling, pain, and bleeding especially when chewing.

Exactly What is Gingival Abscess?

This condition affects both men and women regardless of their age. While maintaining good oral hygiene will help preventing the occurrence of this disease, visiting your dentist regularly for checkups and professional cleaning is also important. There is also a variety of other cosmetic options that can help prevent this condition.

First, this condition is referred as the gingival abscess since it affects the areas of the gum that is close to the tooth neck. According to the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Targu Mures, a tooth doesn’t have any bone loss or pre-existing pockets.

However, as we grow old our teeth catch inflammation which is mainly caused by foreign body impact or food that affect the gum area. So basically, the condition is caused by bacterial infection that causes inflammation, which fills the sacs with pus. This is the same infection that also occurs in the vagina, mouth, anus, armpits, as well as the base of your spine.

The gingival abscess is also one of the five types of abscesses that affect our dental. As mentioned, the condition is caused by bacterial infection that results because of rough brushing, tooth decay, food stuck in gum line, broken teeth as well as bleeding in the gum line. Excessive orthodontic force or traumatic injury on the teeth may also lead to a gingival abscess.

Infected Area

The infected area will be more sensitive which eventually causes a throbbing pain. If you leave this section untreated, you will notice swelling around the gums, infected tooth, or the cheeks. Leaving this condition untreated for long also causes perforation of bones as well as swelling of the surrounding neck glands and swollen neck glands(1). This condition can also spread to the surrounding tissue and this may cause permanent damage to the teeth structure.

The initial stages of the gingival abscess are easily treated by massaging the swollen area with ice packs, rinsing it with warm water, or taking painkillers. Generally, the abscess will rapture by itself causing little or no pain. However, we have serious cases where the condition may lead to vomiting, nausea, fever, as well as difficulty in swallowing.

When the condition worsens, it may lead to tooth extraction to prevent the infection from spreading.

We also have other ways of treating this condition where the dentist will extract the pus from the area affected by the use of a local anesthetic. While this might not be complicated, we discourage doing at home, as it may spread the problem even further. This is why it is recommended to seek professional help.

How Do I Know that I have Gingival Abscess?

As mentioned earlier most of the periodontal diseases are painless. Therefore, it is easy to tell if you have this condition since the condition is painful. Generally, you will experience a sharp and stabbing pain in the jaw or gum. The pain may begin as mild then develop to unbearable pain in a short span of time.

The condition is also accompanied by various symptoms that you get when you have bacterial infections such as swelling of the affected area or fever. Some of the other unpleasant symptoms that you may experience when you have this condition include a bad taste in the mouth or bad breath.

This is often caused by the pus that leaks from the abscess.

If you are one of the few individuals who experience this condition with no pain, it is also important ask for professional medical assistance. Although painless abscesses are very rare, it can do a lot of damage if you do not get professional help.

Getting medical help will help to contain the abscess ensuring that it doesn’t spread to other areas of the mouth and another part of the body.

How Do You Treat an Abscess?

Similar to other ailments the best way to contain the abscess is to make sure that it doesn’t occur in the first place. Some of the ways to minimize the risk of contracting this ailment are by brushing several times a day and flossing daily. You should also make sure that you have visited your doctor regularly for dental checkups and cleaning. Doing so will ensure that your teeth do not accumulate the plaque that leads to the bacterial infestation.

Unfortunately, even if you follow the proper dental care, the risk of developing abscess is not eliminated completely.

For this reason, you should make a point of visiting your dentist at the first sign of a lump or bump. This will ensure that the condition is treated at first stage preventing you from having to deal with the intense pain. The dentist will also manage the disease from early stages so you don’t have to worry about it spreading throughout your mouth. Actually, the best remedy is to deal with the condition at the first sight. Doing so will save you from a great deal of pain and medication costs.

How Does the Dentist do the Diagnosis?

Dentist Diagnosis

Dentist Diagnosis

The first thing your dentist will do is to take the x-ray of the affected area with a dental probe. The desist will then check for any sacs of pus in the gum, swelling, or bleeding. He/she will also test the tooth nerves to makes sure that the abscess doesn’t result because of an infected root canal. This will help them advise you on the way forward whether to perform a root canal treatment or treat the tooth root fractures.

Treating the Abscess

The first thing to note about the treatment is that the longer you wait, the more damage it will cause. As mentioned earlier this condition can lead to further bone loss around and above the tooth. The treatment of this condition will involve draining the pus from outside the gum through an incision or gum pocket. The next procedure is to ensure that the gum and tooth are cleaned.

Removing the tartar and other foreign materials will ensure that the tooth is free from the bacteria.

The process is dined using a variety of dental instruments that ensures that the teeth and gums are free from any bacteria. After this, you are given systemic or local antibiotics to prevent any infection, although this will depend on the severity of the problem. Besides pain, management medications are also provided to curb any lingering irritation.

Preventing an Abscess

Preventing the gingival abscess doesn’t take a lot of effort, although it is not always possible to keep it at bay. The first thing to do is to make sure that you follow good oral hygiene. This will involve brushing at least twice per day, in the morning and evening as well as daily flossing. This will prevent the bacteria from accumulating on teeth and gums. Using an antibacterial mouthwash will further ensure that you keep the bacteria in check.

We also have various dental treatments that prevent the bacteria from building up.

Another crucial thing that assists in preventing the abscess is to always watch what is going into your mouth. For instance, consuming sweets and other sugary items that stick in your mouth will boost the growth of bacteria. Avoiding or brushing every time you consume these items will ensure that you clear the bacteria away.

Although we have emphasized this above, it is imperative for you to visit your dentist appointment. Even if you think that your dental health doesn’t need any medical attention, never miss the recommended dentist appointment.

Everything may be fine at the moment but a looming danger may be closer than you may know. Visiting your dentist for checkups will ensure that your teeth health safeguarded by taking care of any danger before it can progress to something serious.

Flossing and Brushing Daily

Besides flossing and brushing daily, you should also make sure that you perform them the way they should. For most people, brushing two times a day will ensure that their teeth are clean. However, it is good to note that if you do not do the cleaning well, it will not do you any good.

For this reason, you should make sure that you have invested in a good toothbrush preferably an automatic or spinning brush. The brush should also give you gentle yet thorough teeth cleaning to ensure that the bacteria do not accumulate. If you are not sure of how to go on flossing, you should speak to your dentist or read materials explaining the same.

Home Care

Proper dental health start with proper home care. One of the best ways that have worked for many individuals is raising your mouth with warm salt water or antibacterial mouthwashes. This helps to kill the bacteria in mouth(2) reducing their number significantly.

Flossing is also another popular way of getting rid of the tartar and other foreign materials that lead to bacteria build up.

Ensure that you have used the best flosser to ensure that you have done the cleaning properly. In addition, you should always keep updated with the oral heal products and information that should help keep any gum irritation from becoming something that you cannot manage.


Of all the diseases that affect our gums, the abscess is one of the most painful problems that can affect you. If you leave it unchecked, the pain can be deliberating to a point that you cannot function the way you are supposed. In fact, an abscess is one of the main causes of emergency dental visits.

The worst thing about this condition is that although it lives with you for a long time, it can come on at once without any kind of warning.

This is why we emphasize of good oral health and regular visits to the doctors to avoid such inconveniences.

By preventing the bacterial infection from affecting your gums you can successively reduce, the risk of this condition with is a great thing. We hope that by now, you can prevent this condition from affecting you and know how to manage it if it has already affected you.

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