In this article we discuss how to tell if you need your wisdom teeth removed, we then go on to explain the different types of extraction. Wisdom teeth removal is a surgical procedure also called wisdom teeth operation. Dental extraction is required for a variety of reasons, including problematic or impacted wisdom teeth and tooth decay that has rendered the tooth non-restorable. Tooth extraction is necessary in case of infection or severe tooth decay.
Common Reasons for Wisdom Teeth Removal
Dental carries is one of the most common reasons for wisdom teeth removal. Another reason is the presence of extra teeth that block other teeth from erupting. Severe gum disease, accompanied by wisdom teeth pain, is yet another reason, especially when it affects the supporting bone structures and tissues of wisdom teeth.
Teeth that cannot be restored and teeth in the fracture line are also removed. Supplementary, supernumerary, fractured, and malformed teeth are also removed. Teeth that are detrimental to the appearance or fit of dentures are removed as well.
Wisdom teeth operation is also necessary when there is an insufficient space in the oral cavity. Finally, teeth that are unsuitable for restoration and are of poor appearance are also removed.
There are two types of extraction – simple extraction and surgical extraction.
The first type is carried out under local anesthetic while the second one often requires an incision. This is because the tooth has not fully erupted or is broken under the gum line. Regarding complications, they are said to occur in one in ten patients.
Persons who seek to minimize the risks are advised to discuss their medical history and conditions with their surgeon, dentist, or physician. Patients who have severe upper respiratory problems (for example, cold or cough) may want to postpone any scheduled extractions. The patient’s dentist may also recommend 3-D cone imaging.
Among the common complications after wisdom teeth operation are discomfort, bruising, malaise, swelling, pain, and discoloration. Another side effect is reaction to medications. Anesthetics and other medications given before or during the procedure can have side effects. Some patients experience nausea, drowsiness, and vomiting due to the medications and anesthetic provided. In some cases, they can cause hives, rashes, and itching.
Some persons experience allergic reactions due to some chemical or the anesthetic given. This may result in sudden fall in blood pressure because of widening of the blood vessels. Heart problems and breathing problems may occur as a result of this.