Affecting the gums around the wisdom teeth, this is a dental disorder that occurs when the gum tissue surrounding a tooth becomes infected.
Pericoronitis develops when a tooth breaks through the gum only partially, with plaque and food getting caught underneath.
If food particles and debris remain there, they irritate the gum tissue and cause swelling. In some cases, the infection and swelling extend to the neck and cheeks.
Pericoronitis isn’t the only disorder that causes swollen gums around the wisdom teeth. Inflammation of the gum tissue or gingivitis occurs in response to plaque or bacterial biofilms, which adhere to tooth surfaces. Gingival lesions can have viral, specific bacterial, fungal, or genetic origin. The symptoms of this condition include purple or bright red gums, swollen gums, and gums that are painful to touch or are tender.
Reasons For Swollen Gums
Another symptom is bleeding after brushing or bleeding gums. In addition, stippling (engraved points) which is present on the gum tissue of some people may disappear. The gum tissue becomes stretched over the connective tissue, which is inflamed. The gums may become swollen or appear shiny, and they may bleed more easily when flossing or gently brushing.
Chemotherapy has different side effects, among which bleeding, swollen, and painful gums. Patients who undergo treatment may suffer from stomatitis – a dental condition which leads to the development of painful ulcers and sores throughout the oral cavity and on the gum tissue.
Finally, gum problems occur in some women during pregnancy, menopause, menstruation, and puberty. Changes in hormonal levels increase the flow of blood to the gum tissue and make it sensitive, swollen, and red. During the monthly cycle, the gums may become swollen and red and are more likely to bleed.
Swollen gums around wisdom teeth and swollen gum behind wisdom tooth, in general, can result from using tobacco products such as cigarettes. Tobacco is damaging to the gum tissue, and persons who use it face a higher risk of developing gum disease. Smoking is associated with different gum problems, from painful sores to sensitive gums.
A number of symptoms indicate that it is necessary to seek medical attention. These include tender, swollen, and red gums, receding gums, bad taste in the mouth, bad breath, and deep pockets between the gums and teeth.