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Wisdom Teeth Surgery, Risks, and Complications

Wisdom Teeth Surgery

Wisdom teeth surgery is a dental surgical procedure for the purpose of removing one or more teeth. Surgery is necessary if a wisdom tooth causes problems such as damage to adjacent teeth, infection, wisdom teeth pain, development of a cyst, which is a fluid-filled sac, as well as damage to the surrounding bone. Surgery is also required in case of complications following orthodontic treatment to straighten the teeth.

Surgery may have to be performed if there is swelling and severe wisdom teeth pain. The same is true for recurrent infection of the gums surrounding the tooth as well as serious decay of the tooth. Surgery is also performed to reduce crowding of the teeth when there isn’t enough room for all of them and before straightening them with a brace. The tissues around the tooth may develop tumors and cysts, and this is another reason to have the surgical procedure performed.

Video: Social Medical Network

Wisdom teeth surgery is said to involve certain risks. These include damage to the sinuses and the nerves, infection of the socket from food particles and bacteria, formation of dry socket, and others. Given the risks involved in the procedure, some dentists and oral surgeons question whether wisdom teeth removal is really necessary. According to the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons(1), it is recommended that young adults opt for wisdom teeth extraction.

This helps ensure optimal healing and prevents problems in the future. However, not everyone agrees that prophylactic extraction is the best way to go. California-based author and dental consultant Jay Fried notes that about two-thirds of the extraction surgeries, injuries, and associated costs are unnecessary. This is an epidemic which affects thousands of people, resulting in disability and discomfort.

The operation itself starts with a choice of anesthetic and this depends on how complicated the wisdom teeth surgery is expected to be. If the operation is going to be difficult, having a general anesthetic or sedation and local anesthetic is recommended. This is the case if the wisdom tooth lies deep in the gum or has not erupted at all. The dentist will remove the tooth, and the gum may have to be cut slightly (the cut will be made at the back).

To loosen the tooth, the dentist may have to remove a small amount of bone. In some cases, the wisdom tooth has to be cut into pieces – one or more – to have it removed.

Why Are Wisdom Teeth Removed – What You Need To Know

Wisdom Teeth Removed

In this article we will explain to you “why are wisdom teeth removed” and give you all the information you need on wisdom teeth. The third and last set of molars, commonly known by their nickname “wisdom teeth”, usually erupt long after the tooth fairy has left her last gift under your pillow. Most people get them between the age of 17 and 25 – the period of human life called “The Age of Wisdom”.

Anthropologists explain third molar eruption with the early humans’ rough diet, including nuts, roots, meat, etc. The lack of whatever kitchen gadgets or tools of modern civilization, such as the microwave oven, made our predecessors depend totally on their teeth. This rough diet of the primitive humans resulted in excessive wear; so, wisdom teeth, erupting midway in lifetime, compensated for the worn or missing teeth.

Modern lifestyle and our softer diet, along with the outstanding achievements in orthodontics over the recent decades, led to a number of significant evolutionary changes. These changes transformed the third molars into function-less teeth, and some evolutionary biologists classified them as “vestigial organs”.

The number of wisdom teeth in one’s mouth may vary from one to four. However, some people have never got wisdom teeth at all, while others (very few indeed) get more than four.

Regardless of whether you have four wisdom teeth or less, these may cause you serious problems. As human jaws became smaller throughout the millennia of evolution, the third molars often do not have enough space to develop and align in a proper manner. Thus, wisdom teeth become impacted or blocked by the adjacent teeth.

Also, when the teeth erupt partially, plague and debris can get entrapped in the soft tissue surrounding them, causing gum disease and tooth decay. These problems are usually accompanied by severe wisdom teeth pain, swelling and jaw stiffness. Poor alignment of the third molars may cause other troubles as well, including infection and the formation of cysts.

To avoid all mentioned complications, most dentists strongly recommend that patients have their wisdom teeth removed. They make it a point that the extraction is to be done when the patient is younger, with danger of whatever complications during surgery being not as great. The extraction of wisdom teeth is typically performed by an oral surgeon under local anesthesia.

The post-surgical recovery depends mainly on the extent of the pre-removal complications and on the patient’s age. Also, females who take contraceptive pills are at a higher risk of developing dry socket (a common post-surgical complication) because of the higher levels of estrogen. These women should undergo wisdom teeth extraction during the last week of their menstrual cycle when the estrogen levels are lower.

Regardless of whether you are a male or a female, you have to avoid smoking, drinking through a straw, and excessive mouth rinsing after the surgery

Wisdom Tooth Extraction Infection

Wisdom Tooth Extraction Infection

Wisdom Tooth Nerve DamageWisdom tooth extraction infection is mostly to occur after a dental surgery. This can result from an impaction or a breakage making it possible for an infection to set in as soon as possible. There are some of the infections that can become very worse thus spreading to the ears if not treated at the right time. You can easily prevent these infections in the mouth by practicing good dental hygiene especially after a wisdom tooth extraction.

Daily tooth brushing and flossing is important simply because it can help to keep the teeth and gums as healthy as possible especially after a tooth extraction. You should follow all the instructions provided once a wisdom tooth has been extracted. For instance, you should follow the food modification steps, daily rinsing of the mouth using warm salty water and daily tooth brushing. These are important as they will help in minimizing risk of infection. Read on to learn more.

Infection after Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Wisdom tooth extraction infection takes place especially when the necessary instructions are not followed as it is required. This mostly takes place immediately after the surgery. One such infection is abnormal swelling. You will discover that one of the gums becomes swollen and very painful making it impossible for an individual to be able to do anything. As such, you can easily control this through the use of painkillers and gargles from warm salty water. You are supposed to do this more often until you are sure that the swelling and pain has completely gone down.

Another perfect example of wisdom tooth extraction infection is gum infection. In most cases, when an individual eats food, there are some particles which tend to remain in the wisdom teeth and other bacteria. This can result to an infection making the mouth to become painful and swollen. In addition an individual can remove bad breath. This infection can become worse especially if the required attention is not taken in as soon as possible. It is therefore important to ensure that you follow all the instructions provided by the doctor or surgeon to keep away such an infection from taking place.

In case there is an occurrence of a wisdom tooth extraction infection and it is not treated appropriately, it can cause to appearance of cysts. These mostly appear on the gums and if not treated at the right time, can cause damage to the rest of the teeth which can result to bone destruction. In most cases, the cysts appear mostly in the areas that have been infected and as such if left untreated for a long time can develop into tumors which can cause damage, displacement of teeth and jaws that are fractured.

When the infection persists, it may cause some eruption to the teeth that are adjacent to it and this in return will give you sleepless nights due to excruciating pain and swelling. The only thing that you can do to keep all these at bay is following all the directions given by the doctor after the wisdom tooth extraction has been completed.