How to deal with wisdom teeth and pregnancy without worrying too much?
This is an important question given that in some women, pregnancy can cause dental problems such as higher risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Moreover, chronic gum infections (periodontal disease) can trigger premature birth. One study, which involved 1,020 pregnant women, examined the relationship between wisdom teeth and pregnancy. Of the participants, those who did not have a wisdom tooth removed were half as likely as the rest to give premature birth.
The findings from this study also suggest that gum disease has a similar effect on pregnancy to the effect of smoking.
Another study suggests that dental problems can cause preeclampsia in pregnant women. In fact, this is among the most common maladies of mothers-to-be in the Western world. Preeclampsia refers to developing protein in the urine and high blood pressure during the third or late second semester.
According to experts, if a wisdom tooth is erupting while pregnant and some infection occurs, it should be dealt with immediately. Tooth problems should be taken care of because infections can harm the fetus. Some women delay dental care during pregnancy because they are busy with their children, due to financial concerns or out of fear of dental work.
This is not recommended for two reasons – the first is possible infections and the second is that lying in a dental chair during the third trimester may be uncomfortable. If there is wisdom teeth pain or an active infection, the second trimester is a good time, but it isn’t the only time.
What about the extraction of wisdom teeth and pregnancy?
Usually, this is done if the mother is in a lot of pain, which is stressing the body and is not good for the baby. Pregnant women in the third or first semester are often advised to have the removal procedure postponed, if possible. The second trimester is recommended if wisdom teeth removal is required, and a smaller amount of anesthesia is used. It is important to inform your oral surgeon or dentist if you are pregnant.
They will use local anesthetic that does not cause harm to the baby. If you have to take an antibiotic after or before the removal procedure, it is recommended to avoid tetracycline. Finally, X-rays may be required before extraction, but this should be kept to a minimum.